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Continents and Oceans Page 1

Page history last edited by Mrs. Colegrove 8 years, 1 month ago


Earth is composed of major landforms known as continents.  The continents are composed of political divisions known as countries.   

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The seven continents are:     North America  continent image   South America  continent image        Europe   continent image       Asia continent image      Africa  continent image     Australia   continent imageAntarctica  globe image






OCEANS:                                                        (see www.worldatlas.com and www.enchantedlearning.com)



The planet is approximately 71% water and contains (5) five oceans, including the Arctic, Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Southern. 


Oceans of the World

For many years only (4) four oceans were officially recognized, and then in the spring of 2000, the International Hydrographic Organization established the Southern Ocean, and determined its limits. Those limits include all water below 60 degrees south, and some of it, like the Arctic Ocean, is frozen.






EQUATOR                                                                            (see www.worldatlas.com )

  • The equator is 0 degree latitude.
  • This imaginary line runs through parts of South America, Africa, and Asia.
  • It is officially the halfway point between the North Pole and the South Pole.

See full size image




(image from http://mappery.wordpress.com/tag/equator/








  • The prime meridian is 0 degrees longitude. 
  • This imaginary line runs through the United Kingdom, France, Spain, western Africa, and Antarctica.

(image from http://www.reformation.org/large-prime-meridian.jpg)










The earth is divided into four hemispheres (the Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western) each representing one-half of the earth.


There is a Northern Hemisphere and a Southern Hemisphere that are divided by the equator.


The earth is also divided into an Eastern Hemisphere and a Western Hemisphere which are divided by the Prime Meridian.




Copyrighted by Graphic Maps. 









Longitude and Latitude


Here is a game from www.kidsgeo.com in which you use longitude and latitude lines to locate places on a map! 








Continents and Oceans Page 2




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